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Python example for wordclouds.

Julian M. Kunkel 4 years ago
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# Setup
$ pip3 install fuzzywuzzy wordcloud
# Test
To create the CSV:
$ ./
Setup the widget extensions
$ jupyter nbextension enable --py --sys-prefix widgetsnbextension
Start jupyter notebook for the search
$ jupyter notebook analysis.ipynb


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Faryl Smith (born 23 July 1995) is a British soprano who rose to fame after appearing on the second series of the ITV television talent show Britain's Got Talent in 2008. Although a favourite to win after the second round, she finished outside the top three in the live final on 31 May. During the competition, she was tutored by the singing coach Yvie Burnett and received offers from various record labels. After the show, she, unlike other finalists, did not sign with the judge Simon Cowell's record label Syco, although she did appear on fellow finalist Andrew Johnston's debut album, One Voice.
Smith signed a contract with Universal Classics and Jazz for a £2.3 million advance in December 2008, the largest ever granted to a schoolgirl. Her debut album, Faryl, was recorded from December 2008 to January 2009 and released in March 2009. Faryl became the fastest-selling solo classical album in British chart history, selling 29,200 copies in the first week. It debuted at number six and rose to number four the following week, making Smith the third Britain's Got Talent contestant to have a top ten album. In 2010, on account of Faryl, Smith was nominated for two Classical BRIT Awards and became the youngest artist ever to receive a double nomination.
Smith's second album, Wonderland, was released in November 2009. A concept album based on Alice in Wonderland, the album was well received by critics, but was not successful in the charts. After the release of Wonderland, Smith's contract with Universal ended. In addition to releasing her albums, she featured on a charity cover of "The Prayer", released in March 2010, provided vocals for the 2012 album The Magic of a Thousand Strings by the International Harp Ensemble, and has performed at numerous events, including the 2009 Royal Variety Performance. In 2015, Smith began studying music at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama in London. She continues to perform regularly, including at major sporting events.
1 Career
1.1 Britain's Got Talent
1.2 Record deal
1.3 Faryl
1.4 Wonderland
1.5 After Universal
2 Personal life
3 Discography
3.1 Studio albums
4 References
5 External links
Britain's Got Talent
Before her appearance on television, Smith had performed competitively in the Kettering, Northamptonshire Eisteddfod, the Llangollen International Musical Eisteddfod, the Pontins Junior Starquest competition, and Festival 4 Stars.[2] She auditioned for the second series of the ITV reality television programme Britain's Got Talent, giving what Jon O'Brien, of Allmusic, called a "mature" performance of "Ave Maria",[3] and was put through to the live shows. Simon Cowell described her audition as "the best audition [he had] heard in years".[4] Before performing live, she and Andrew Johnston were favourites to win.[5] She won her semi-final by the public vote, performing a cover of Sarah McLachlan's "Angel". This placed her in the final,[6] and left her as the favourite to win.[3] During her first live show, Cowell described her as "literally one in a million".[6] She then performed in the live final, where she was described by Cowell as one of the five acts (along with George Sampson, Johnston, Signature and Kate and Gin) who had a chance of winning.[7] She again performed "Ave Maria",[2] but finished outside the top three. Sampson eventually won the show as a result of the phone-in, with Signature second, and Johnston third.[7] As a result of her final performance of "Ave Maria", Smith was invited to be a guest singer at a songwriting awards ceremony in London.[2] She then went on to perform in the Britain's Got Talent Live Tour with other contestants,[8] where she first performed a duet of "Walking in the Air" with Johnston.[9]
Smith (right) and Johnston (left) on the Britain's Got Talent Live Tour, with host Stephen Mulhern
While Smith was competing in Britain's Got Talent, Cowell arranged for her to receive singing lessons from the leading vocal coach Yvie Burnett, who had previously coached the Paul Potts, an earlier winner of Britain's Got Talent winner, as well as Leona Lewis, a winner of The X Factor.[10][11] The story was broken by The Sunday Mirror; writing for the paper, Lara Gould characterised the lessons as "secret",[10] while writers for The Daily Mail claimed that the lessons were "likely to upset fellow contestants", and were evidence that Smith was "already being groomed for stardom".[12] During her participation in the competition, Smith was offered record deals, but she and her family turned them down. Her father, Tony Smith, said "We have had offers from people interested in Faryl. But when Simon Cowell, the big man, says your daughter is special, you listen."[10] Cowell described Smith's potential career during the show, saying "I know she says Katherine [Jenkins] is her idol but she is far better than her. She is by far the most talented youngster I've ever heard. When she opens her mouth her voice is just incredible."[13]
Record deal
The day after the Britain's Got Talent finals, Max Clifford, speaking for Simon Cowell, said that it was "quite possible" that Cowell would be signing some of the finalists, including Smith.[14] Though she did not sign with Syco, Cowell's record label, she did record a duet of "Walking in the Air" with Johnston, which appeared on his debut album, One Voice,[15] and was tipped as a potential Christmas number-one.[15] Before the release of One Voice, it was revealed that Smith and her father were finalising the details of her record deal.[16] In November, it was announced that Smith would be performing on stage in Kettering with Sylvia Berryman, a vocal tutor who had worked with Smith prior to her appearance on Britain's Got Talent. Smith said that she was "really looking forward to singing locally again", and it was again reported that Smith hoped to soon sign her own record deal.[17]
In December 2008 the Daily Mail reported that Smith had signed a £2.3 million, multi-album deal with Universal Music Group that was the "most lucrative recording contract ever handed to a schoolgirl".[18] Smith said "I'm honoured to be joining such a fantastic record company, especially since it's where [Jenkins] started."[18] Dickon Stainer, speaking on behalf of Universal, said "as soon as we saw Faryl, it became an ambition to sign her."[18] Universal claimed it intended to market Smith as a pop star.[13] Smith signed the contract at the Royal Albert Hall, following which she performed with Katherine Jenkins.[18] Neil Fisher, writing for The Times, described Smith as "heir apparent" to Jenkins;[19] the pair had first met when Smith won a competition at the Llangollen International Musical Eisteddfod. By 2009, Jenkins was acting as a mentor to Smith.[20]
In January 2009 plans were released for Smith to perform with Plácido Domingo, an idea originally suggested by him.[21] In an interview with the Metro, Smith talked about her future plans, insisting that she did not wish to be dubbed as the next Charlotte Church.[22] She later said that "In the papers, it sounded like I was snobby when I said 'I don't want to be like Charlotte Church', but I didn't mean it like that."[23] She has also spoken of her desire to appear in films on top of her musical career. She said "Films and movies are something I'd really like to do. I've always wanted to act so doing a film would be amazing."[22]
Main article: Faryl
Smith's first album, Faryl, was recorded at Air Studios, London,[24] in December 2008, during Smith's Christmas holiday; it was completed on 3 January 2009 and features a 60-piece orchestra.[25][26] Smith described the song "River of Light" by saying that The Blue Danube "music now has words put to it. I like it because it's different. Everyone knows the tune and everybody has got high hopes for it."[23] Smith said that her favourite song on the album was her version of the Welsh hymn "Calon Lân".[27] Other songs include Smith's version of "Amazing Grace", a cover of John Denver's "Annie's Song", and a version of "The Way Old Friends Do", rewritten for Smith by Björn Ulvaeus. Smith described the song by saying that "[i]t was about divorce ... They didn't think it was appropriate for me to sing about that, so Björn changed the lyrics so it's about friendship."[20] The album was produced by Jon Cohen, who had previously worked with artists including the Operababes and Vanessa Mae.[3]
Promotion began in January, with performances at the Mandarin Oriental Hotel and appearances at the debut of 2009 London revival of Oliver!.[26] A television advert and music video for "River of Light" were recorded to further publicise the release, and Smith appeared on the cover of April's Classic FM Magazine.[28] More promotional appearances in the weeks leading up to the release of Faryl included Loose Women, The Paul O'Grady Show, BBC Radio 4, Radio Five Live and BBC Breakfast.[29] She also appeared at the Children's Champion Awards and met Gordon Brown at 10 Downing Street.[30][31] On the day of the release, there was an album signing in Smith's hometown of Kettering, at the HMV branch.[20] Smith said "I definitely want to be at home for the launch. I want to be surrounded by my friends and family because obviously, it's a big deal for me."[31]
Pete Paphides, writing for The Times, said that the songs were performed "with power and restraint" and that the "arrangements by Jon Cohen suggest some kind of aesthetic endeavour beyond the basic thing for which they exist". He compared it favourably to three other Mothering Sunday releases: Lionel Richie's Just Go, Ronan Keating's Songs for My Mother, and Barry Manilow's The Greatest Songs of the Eighties. He awarded Faryl 3 out of a possible 5, the highest rating of the four.[32] Retailers in the United Kingdom ordered more than 80,000 copies of the album in the week before release, which Simon Cable, writing for the Daily Mail, noted was more copies than U2's recent No Line on the Horizon.[33] It also topped the presale chart.[33] On the day of the release the album was at the number one spot on the UK Albums Chart, based on presales alone.[30] The album became the fastest-selling classical solo album in British history, selling 20,000 copies in the first four days. The previous record holder had been Hayley Westenra's Pure.[34] The first week resulted in sales of 29,200 copies, which is higher than any other debut album of a classical singer.[35] Faryl officially entered the charts at number six and rose to fourth place the next week.[36][37] The success of the album left Smith the third Britain's Got Talent contestant to achieve a top ten album, after Potts (with One Chance) and Johnston (with One Voice).[3]
In April 2009, Smith travelled to Los Angeles to begin her promotion of Faryl in the United States. She appeared on The Ellen DeGeneres Show in early May as part of her promotional tour.[38] Faryl was released in the US on 5 May. Smith said before the release that she did not expect it to sell as well as it did in the UK. She said that "in the US it's a lot harder because I'm not as well-known".[39] Smith travelled back to the UK in early May,[40] and, on 23 May, Faryl peaked at 31st place on Top Heatseekers Albums chart and at sixth place on the Classical Albums chart, remaining in the charts for one and 17 weeks respectively.[41] Smith opened the 2009 Classical BRIT Awards, where, according to Elisa Roche of the Daily Express, she "captivated the best names in classical music".[42] She was the youngest performer ever to sing at the Classical BRITs.[43] On 30 May, Smith became the youngest person to sing the United Kingdom national anthem, "God Save The Queen", at an FA Cup final when she performed during the opening ceremony at the 2009 final, held in the Wembley Stadium.[44] In June, Smith performed a duet with José Carreras at the Hampton Court Palace Festival,[45][46] and in July, she attended the O2 Silver Clef Awards, winning the Classical Award.[47]
In February 2010, after the release of Smith's second album, Faryl was nominated for a Classical BRIT Award in the album category. The category is voted for by the public, and the shortlist comprises the ten best-selling classical albums of the previous year.[48] Faryl lost to Only Men Aloud's Band of Brothers. Smith also lost in the young British classical performer category to Jack Liebeck, a violinist.[49] Smith became the youngest artist ever to receive a double nomination.[50] In November, Smith was awarded the best classical award at the 2009 Variety Club awards,[51] the youngest recipient in the awards' history.[45]
Main article: Wonderland (Faryl Smith album)
In July 2009, it was announced that Smith was hoping to release her second album later in the year. In an interview, she expressed surprise and pleasure that the label wanted her to record another album so soon after the first.[52] In September, further details about the album were released, including its name, Wonderland, and planned release date, 30 November. Smith claimed that Faryl "was an introduction to me and an introduction for me to recording", while Cohen, producer of both Faryl and Wonderland, said Smith had "matured as an artist since the first album and I have no doubt that once again, people will be astonished and moved by her performances".[53] The album, which was recorded at Sarm Studios in Notting Hill, London, was completed in early October,[54] and is loosely based on Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.[55] Wonderland was released on 30 November.[56] To publicise the album, Smith appeared on numerous radio shows, as well as making television appearances including on Ready Steady Cook, Blue Peter, the BBC News Channel, The Alan Titchmarsh Show and Sky News Sunrise.[56]
Wonderland was well received by critics; Paul Callan, reviewing the album for the Daily Express, described it as "a joy". He compared it to other Christmas albums, saying that "[t]oo many are tired, much-repeated carol selections". He described Smith's "control, tone and warmth" as "very moving".[57] Andy Gill, reviewing Wonderland for The Independent, gave a less positive review. He said that the influence of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland was often hard to perceive and that Cohen and Smith had "sweetened the classical elements". However, he praised the arrangements of "Adiemus", "Barcarolle", "Merry Christmas, Mr Lawrence" and "Blow The Wind Southerly", but noted that on tracks including "Close To You", "the lack of emotional weight is telling". Overall, Gill gave Wonderland 3 out of 5.[58] The album failed to perform as well as Faryl;[59] it entered the British album charts at number 56 for the week ending 12 December before dropping to number 92 the following week and then out of the top 100.[60] After Wonderland, Smith's contract with Universal ended, and she subsequently received less attention from the press. Smith described the break with the label as mainly her decision, as she needed to focus on her A Levels, which would allow her to get to university, explaining in an interview that "It wasn't like it ended horribly."[59]
Smith performed at the 2009 Royal Variety Performance in front of Queen Elizabeth II, where she sang "God Save the Queen" with The Soldiers.[61] She later said that the experience, including subsequently meeting the Queen, was the highlight of her year.[62] Smith also performed elsewhere with The Soldiers, including at St Paul's Cathedral and Great Ormond Street Children's Hospital.[62]
After Universal
Smith performing "God Save the Queen" at the 2010 FA Cup Final
In the aftermath of the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Smith and 22 other classical musicians from the UK recorded a cover version of "The Prayer", which was released for download on 14 March. The proceeds of the single went to the Disasters Emergency Committee.[63] Smith said "It's a real honour to be a part of something that is being done for the first time, and I hope that all music lovers get involved and help raise money for the campaign. I really hope that we can make a difference together to help the horrible situation that Haiti is in at the moment."[64] The group, dubbed "Classical Band Aid",[65] recorded the track at Metropolis Studios[66] and were backed by the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.[65] Each vocalist in the group performed their own solo lines, and the entire group came together for the finale.[66] "The Prayer" was the first ever classical charity single; Smith noted that "Pop singers do things like this a lot but it's unusual for classical singers to get involved so I've been really excited."[67]
In mid-2010, Smith performed at various festivals and events. Her father stated that "because she is still so young, we don't want her doing complete shows on her own and we don't want her doing too much".[68] Appearances included the Mercedes-Benz World Summer Concert in Weybridge on 4 July, That Glorious Noise charity concert against muscular dystrophy in Cleethorpes on 17 July, and the Last Night of the Kenwood Proms on 21 August,[68] as well as the wedding of Eamonn Holmes and Ruth Langsford.[69] Smith also opened the Serenata festival.[70] Angela Young, reviewing the festival for the Bournemouth Daily Echo, said "Faryl Smith was my personal highlight of the Thursday night line-up, her bizarrely powerful voice (considering her diminutive size and age) taking my breath away and it contrasted so well with her naivete as she said 'at least it's not raining' – just as the heavens opened."[71]
In October, Smith performed for the first time in Ireland, at the National Concert Hall, Dublin.[72] She continued to perform publicly throughout 2011. In May, she performed at a Help for Heroes charity concert, which raised £2,000,[73] and in both June and October, she performed at concerts to celebrate the 90th year of the Royal British Legion.[74][75] She again appeared at the Llangollen International Musical Eisteddfod in July, where she sang with Russell Watson.[76][77] Smith's father described the appearance as "like a homecoming", due to her previous appearance at the competition.[77] In further charitable events later in the year, she raised £2,700 for a hospice in Cransley,[78] and performed in aid of the Salvation Army in Portsmouth.[79] During the Christmas period, Smith performed for the Great Ormond Street Hospital Children's Charity in their annual Christmas carol concert,[80] and at the North Wales Choral Festival at Llandudno.[81] She also appeared as a guest on Rhydian Roberts's talent show on S4C in December.[82] In 2012, she performed with the Mousehole Male Voice Choir in Penzance,[83] and in 2013, she continued to perform locally in Kettering.[84]
From 2012–3, Smith performed several times with the International Harp Ensemble, a Surrey-based group of harpists who produce a variety of different styles of harp music,[85][86] including appearing with the group on a September episode of Songs of Praise.[87] She also guest-featured on the group's 2012 album The Magic of a Thousand Strings,[85][88] singing on five tracks.[59] Further shows with the International Harp Ensemble were planned into 2014.[89] While working with the International Harp Ensemble, Smith began training with vocal coach Joy Mammen, who also teaches Lesley Garrett, as well as learning German and Italian, with the intention of moving from classical crossover towards opera.[59]
Smith continued to perform publicly in the late 2010s, appearing at assorted sporting, charitable, and other events from 2015-19,[90] as well as being a contestant on a 2017 episode of Pointless Celebrities.[91] Sporting events at which Smith performed included the FA Community Shield match in 2015 at Wembley,[92][93] the Checkatrade Trophy at Wembley in 2018,[94] and a Six Nations match at Twickenham in 2019.[95]
Personal life
Smith was born in Kettering, Northamptonshire, England, on 23 July 1995. She originally attended Henry Gotch Primary School in Kettering and then became a student at Southfield School for Girls,[2][96] although she received private tutoring while working.[97] She completed her GCSEs in 2011,[98] and she studied for her A levels,[99] with the intention of going to university afterwards.[100] In 2015, aged 20, she started to study music at the Guildhall School of Music and Drama in London.[93][101]
While at school, Smith enjoyed playing football; she played for the Kettering Generals Under-11s girls' team when they reached the Weetabix League cup final, as well as for the club's Under-13 girls.[102][103][104] She attended a theatre club, played the guitar and piano and sang in two choirs,[5] including the Masquerade Youth Choir.[105] Smith's father, Tony, is a health and safety inspector,[59] and for a time worked full-time overseeing Smith's activities.[97] Her mother, Linda, is a hairdresser,[59] and she has an older brother, Shea.[97]


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The Bournemouth Daily Echo, commonly known as the Daily Echo (a.k.a. the Bournemouth Echo), is a local newspaper that covers the area of southeast Dorset, England, including the towns of Poole, Bournemouth, Christchurch. Published by Newsquest (Southern) Limited, issues appear Monday to Saturday inclusive with a daily circulation of 16,395 as of January 2013.[2]
The newspaper was first published on 20 August 1900, and the centenary of the paper was celebrated in, Echoes of the Century, a book published by the Daily Echo in 2000 that chronicles the history and reportage of a century.[3] In October 2006, the EDF Energy London and South of England Media Awards awarded The Daily Echo the title of Daily Newspaper of the Year. In the same competition, the paper also won Columnist of the Year and Environmental Journalist of the Year for the work of Faith Eckersall and Natalie Bruckner, respectively.[4]
The paper was heavily involved in reporting the Tesco bomb campaign, an attempted extortion against Tesco stores in the Bournemouth area in 2000–01, including placing classified adverts on behalf of the police to allow them to communicate with the perpetrator.[citation needed]
The Newspaper's most famous journalist was the writer Bill Bryson, who worked for the Bournemouth Evening Echo in the late 1970s.[5]


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William McGuire Bryson OBE HonFRS (/ˈbraɪsən/; born 8 December 1951) is an American-British author of books on travel, the English language, science, and other non-fiction topics. Born in the United States, he has been a resident of Britain for most of his adult life, returning to the United States between 1995 and 2003, and holds dual American and British citizenship. He served as the chancellor of Durham University from 2005 to 2011.[1][2][3][4]
Bryson came to prominence in the United Kingdom with the publication of Notes from a Small Island (1995), an exploration of Britain, and its accompanying television series. He received widespread recognition again with the publication of A Short History of Nearly Everything (2003), a book widely acclaimed for its accessible communication of science.
1 Early life
2 Move to the United Kingdom
3 Writings
4 Litigation
5 Awards, positions and honours
5.1 Honorary doctorates
6 Books
7 References
8 External links
Early life
Bryson was born and raised in Des Moines, Iowa, the son of Agnes Mary (née McGuire) and sports journalist Bill Bryson Sr.[5] His mother was of Irish descent.[6] He had an older brother, Michael (1942–2012), and a sister, Mary Jane Elizabeth. In 2006 Bryson published The Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid, a humorous account of his childhood years in Des Moines.
Bryson attended Drake University for two years before dropping out in 1972, deciding instead to backpack around Europe for four months. He returned to Europe the following year with a high-school friend, Matt Angerer (the pseudonymous Stephen Katz).[7] Bryson wrote about some of his experiences from this trip in his book Neither Here nor There: Travels in Europe.
Move to the United Kingdom
Bryson speaking in New York, 2013
Bryson first visited Britain in 1973 during his tour of Europe[8] and decided to stay after landing a job working in a psychiatric hospital[9]—the now-defunct Holloway Sanatorium in Virginia Water, Surrey. He met a nurse there named Cynthia Billen, whom he married in 1975.[9] They moved to Bryson's hometown of Des Moines, Iowa in 1975 so that Bryson could complete his college degree at Drake University. In 1977 they settled in Britain.[10]
He worked as a journalist, firstly for the Bournemouth Evening Echo, eventually becoming chief copy editor of the business section of The Times and deputy national news editor of the business section of The Independent. He left journalism in 1987, three years after the birth of his third child. Bryson started writing independently and in 1990 their fourth child, Samuel, was born.
He has moved around the UK and lived in Virginia Water (Surrey), Purewell (Dorset), Burton (Dorset), Kirkby Malham (North Yorkshire, in the 1980s and '90s), and the Old Rectory in Wramplingham, Norfolk (2003–2013).[11] He currently lives in rural Hampshire and maintains a small flat in South Kensington, London.[9] From 1995 to 2003 he lived in Hanover, New Hampshire.[12]
Although able to apply for British citizenship, Bryson said in 2010 that he had declined a citizenship test, declaring himself "too cowardly" to take it.[13] However, in 2014, he said that he was preparing to take it[14] and in the prologue to his 2015 book The Road to Little Dribbling: More Notes From a Small Island he describes doing so, in Eastleigh. His citizenship ceremony took place in Winchester and he now holds dual citizenship.[9]
While living in the US in the 1990s Bryson wrote a column for a British newspaper for several years, reflecting on humorous aspects of his repatriation in the United States. These columns were selected and adapted to become his book I'm a Stranger Here Myself, alternatively titled Notes from a Big Country in Britain, Canada, and Australia. During his time in the United States, Bryson decided to walk the Appalachian Trail with his friend Stephen Katz (a pseudonym), about which he wrote the book A Walk in the Woods. In the 2015 film adaptation of A Walk in the Woods, Bryson is portrayed by Academy Award winner Robert Redford and Katz is portrayed by Nick Nolte (Bryson is portrayed as being much older than he was at the time of his actual walk).[15]
In 2003, in conjunction with World Book Day, British voters chose Bryson's book Notes from a Small Island as that which best sums up British identity and the state of the nation.[16] In the same year, he was appointed a Commissioner for English Heritage.
His popular science book, A Short History of Nearly Everything is 500 pages long and explores not only the histories and current statuses of the sciences, but also reveals their humble and often humorous beginnings. Although one "top scientist" is alleged to have jokingly described the book as "annoyingly free of mistakes",[17] Bryson himself makes no such claim and a list of some reported errors in the book is available online.[18]
In November 2006, Bryson interviewed the then British prime minister, Tony Blair, on the state of science and education.[19]
Bryson has also written two popular works on the history of the English language — The Mother Tongue and Made in America — and, more recently, an update of his guide to usage, Bryson's Dictionary of Troublesome Words (published in its first edition as The Penguin Dictionary of Troublesome Words in 1983).
In 2012 Bryson sued his agent, Jed Mattes Inc., in New York Country Supreme Court, claiming it had "failed to perform some of the most fundamental duties of an agent".[20] The case was settled out of court, with part of the settlement being that Bryson not discuss it.[21]
Awards, positions and honours
Bryson in the regalia of Chancellor of Durham University, with Durham Cathedral in the background
In 2005 Bryson was appointed chancellor of Durham University,[17] succeeding the late Sir Peter Ustinov, and became more active with student activities than is common for holders of that post, even appearing in a Durham student film and promoting litter picks in the city.[22] He had praised Durham as "a perfect little city" in Notes from a Small Island. In October 2010, it was announced that Bryson would step down at the end of 2011.[23]
In May 2007, he became the president of the Campaign to Protect Rural England.[24][25] His first area of focus in this role was the establishment of an anti-littering campaign across England. He discussed the future of the countryside with Richard Mabey, Sue Clifford, Nicholas Crane and Richard Girling at CPRE's Volunteer Conference in November 2007.[26]
Bryson has received numerous awards for his ability to communicate science with passion and enthusiasm. In 2004, he won the prestigious Aventis Prize for best general science book that year, with A Short History of Nearly Everything.[27] In 2005, the book won the EU Descartes Prize for science communication.[27] In 2005 he received the President's Award from the Royal Society of Chemistry for advancing the cause of the chemical sciences. In 2007, he won the Bradford Washburn Award from the Museum of Science in Boston, MA for contributions to the popularization of science. In 2012, he received the Kenneth B. Myer Award from the Florey Institute of Neuroscience in Melbourne, Australia.
With the Royal Society of Chemistry the Bill Bryson prize for Science Communication was established in 2005. [28] The competition engages students from around the world in explaining science to non-experts.
He was awarded an honorary Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for his contribution to literature on 13 December 2006.[29] The following year, he was awarded the James Joyce Award by the Literary and Historical Society of University College Dublin. After he received British citizenship his OBE was made substantive.
In 2011 he won the Golden Eagle Award from the Outdoor Writers and Photographers Guild.[30] On 22 November 2012, Durham University officially renamed the Main Library the Bill Bryson Library for his contributions as the university's 11th chancellor (2005–11).[31][32]
Bryson was elected an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2013,[33] becoming the first non-Briton upon whom this honour has been conferred.[34][35] His biography at the Society reads: "Bill Bryson is a popular author who is driven by a deep curiosity for the world we live in. Bill's books and lectures demonstrate an abiding love for science and an appreciation for its social importance. His international bestseller, A Short History of Nearly Everything (2003), is widely acclaimed for its accessible communication of science and has since been adapted for children."
In 2006 Frank Cownie, the mayor of Des Moines, awarded Bryson the key to the city and announced that October 21, 2006 would be known as "Bill Bryson, The Thunderbolt Kid, Day".[36]
In January 2007, he was the Schwartz Visiting Fellow at the Pomfret School in Connecticut.[37]
Honorary doctorates
Honorary Doctorate, The Open University, 2002.[38]
Honorary Doctor of Civil Law, Durham University, 2004.
Honorary Doctorate, Bournemouth University, 2005.[39]
Honorary Doctorate, University of St Andrews, 2005.[40]
DLitt, University of Leeds, 2005.[41]
Honorary Doctorate, University of Leicester, 2009.[42]
Doctor of Humane Letters, Drake University, 2009.[43]
Honorary doctorate, King's College London, November 13, 2012. According to King's site, the award was relating to: "Bill Bryson OBE: the UK's highest-selling author of non-fiction, acclaimed as a science communicator, historian and man of letters."[44]
Honorary Doctorate, University of Westminster, 2015.[45]
Honorary Doctor of Humane Letters, University of Iowa, May 2016.[46]
Honorary Doctorate for services to literature, University of Winchester, October 2016.[47]


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#!/usr/bin/env python3
import os
import csv
files = []
for r, d, f in os.walk("artikel"):
for file in f:
if '.txt' in file:
files.append(os.path.join(r, file))
of = open("articles.csv", "w")
o = csv.writer(of)
for f in files:
with open(f) as file:
data =
o.writerow([f, data.replace("\n", " ")])